Bipolar disorder is a mental condition manifested by mood disorders, previously known as manic-depressive psychosis. However, it is hard to identify these diseases because they are easily confused with mood swings.
There are periods of severe depression and euphoric mania very similar to the mood swings, particularly the manic phase of the bipolar disorder cannot be easily identified. But, the effective method that can help is to check the eyes of the person that is in a maniac phase.
As per the World Health Organization – WHO, 60 million people in the world struggle bipolar disorder. The bipolar disorder is manifested by two very distinct and alternating phases, depression phase and manic phase, interchanged with a steady state known as euthymia.
The intensity of the two phases differs depending on the person and shows various symptoms.
The Depression Phase
In this phase bipolar subjects experience great sadness and shortage of energy. They suffer from sleeping disorders like insomnia or hypersomnia, and show no particular interest in the things that are going around them. Bipolar patients can develop suicidal thoughts, and that is the most disturbing point in this phase, the risk of suicide.
The Manic Phase
In this phase the bipolar patient is in a phase of excitement and hyperactivity. He or she is full of energy and succumbs to a very high or euphoric mood. People with bipolar disorder sleep less in this phase, talk too much, participate in numerous projects, spend money recklessly, and their self-confidence is at their highest level that can even become irritating.
These phases are not separated one from another, in fact they can be mixed and the person with bipolar disorder can have them both at the same time and coexist with depressive and manic symptoms.
Even though the bipolar disorder is commonly manifested by an alternation of depression and mania phases, it is not always the case. There are two types of bipolar disorder:
Bipolar disorder type 1
This person experiences changing episodes of mania and depression, interspersed by periods of stability.
Bipolar disorder type 2
A patient with bipolar disorder type 2 has hypomanic episodes. Patients with this type of bipolar disorder experience periods of severe depression followed by a period of hypomania. Hypomania is a mild form of mania where the patient still shows the same symptoms of excitement and hyperactivity but with a weaker intensity.
What can trigger a disease like bipolar disorder?
Commonly bipolar disorder is being triggered by stressful situations such as losing a close person due to death, divorce, or some other reason; then problems at work or a job change, a sudden move, and also excessive use of alcohol and drugs.
According to a conducted research, genetic factors take a key role in the development of this disease. If one of the parents suffered from 1st degree bipolar disorder, then the child would be predisposed genetically and with 5 to 10 times higher risk of developing the disease due to the possibility of vulnerable genes.
How to recognize when a person is in a bipolar mania phase?
Even if you are not a medical expert there are some signs which are revealing when a person is in this phase.
In the manic phase, people with bipolar disorder are more joyous, energetic, and creative. They are with higher self-esteem believing that they can do anything like singing, painting or writing a book. They are not concerned about the consequences of their actions, but if something is not going according their way, they can become angry and immediately start a fight. Likewise, they cannot stand someone to criticize them.
There are also physical symptoms of the manic phase, and most specifically are the ones coming from the eyes of a bipolar person. Here they are:
- Sparkling eyes
In the manic phase bipolar person experiences intensive emotions thus making his eyes very bright. In fact, they become specifically shiny, which in a way elevates the level of perceived physical attractiveness.
- Larger eyes
In this phase a bipolar person experiences great happiness, excitement and all those positive feelings are expressed into his eyes thus making them wider and appearing larger. On the contrary, in the depression phase, when the person is upset and angry, the eyes are getting narrowed.
- Darker eye color
Once the mania phase is accompanied with euphoric or dysphoric states, then there is more release of adrenaline, which causes dilation of the pupils. The iris of the eye is contracted to enlarge the pupil’s diameter, which becomes darker. The dominance of the ring is very obvious in people with a different colored ring around the pupil as the eye color may seem entirely different.